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This animal, like no one else, is perhaps surrounded by numerous and undeserved myths. If you just call a person a pig, then he will hardly be happy.
So it seems that this animal is disgusting in all manifestations of its character and disposition. First of all, it is worth mentioning that this animal was domesticated by man second, after the dog.
In fact, pigs not only feed people, they even save our lives. And scientists have even bred a species of miniature pigs (mini-piggs), which are much cleaner and smarter than other pets.
Pigs are stupid. It seems logical that a clever creature would not mess around in the mud and its own feces. But the pigs are much smarter than we think. In their intelligence, these animals are second only to man, dolphin and monkey. Studies have shown that pigs are much smarter than dogs, and video games with a joystick and a piglet are even better than some primates. Scientists believe that the intelligence of these animals, like a three-year-old child, they have good intuition and memory. Even piglets within a few weeks after birth can already respond to their own nickname. Pigs are quite emotional and sociable. In their natural environment, they live in groups, in which their own hierarchy is maintained with the help of bodily and verbal language. Pigs use different sounds depending on the circumstances. It turns out that they grunt with pleasure, they can bark, warning of danger, squeal in pain, discontent or waiting for food. Pigs can notice if their relative is heading to the cache of food and follow him, trying to steal food. But if he sees himself being followed, he will try to lure the cunning person into a trap or to a fake cache. Pigs even show the rudiments of intelligence, being able to understand the desires of other creatures.
Pigs are unclean creatures. The most important myth about pigs almost associates them with dirt. But only if this animal has enough space, it will never pollute the area where it feeds or sleeps. And the fact that pigs love to lie in the mud is obvious. But this is due to the physiology of animals - they do not have sweat glands. That is why, in the absence of water for bathing, pigs are forced to wallow on damp and cool ground in order to maintain a temperature balance. But if the pig has a choice, it will always prefer water to mud. By the way, it is great for getting rid of parasites.
Pigs do not tan in the sun. It turns out that the only animal that can sunbathe, like a man, is a pig. These creatures love to wallow in the gentle sun, taking baths of light. As a result, pigs' skin forms a tan.
Guinea pigs are relatives of pets. The relationship of these creatures seems obvious to many - they are both pigs. In fact, they only have a common name. Guinea pigs have nothing to do with the non-ruminant artiodactyl family. By the way, they don't live in the sea either. For the first time, mention of guinea pigs is found in 1580, it was then that the Spaniards brought such animals to Europe. For the first time, the meat of outlandish animals was tasted by conquistadors in Spain. And the food was somewhat reminiscent of pork. Guinea pigs were prepared in much the same way as pigs in Europe. The similarity was in the sounds made by the animals, it was like the grunt of pigs.
Pigs are odorless. Life has shown that these animals have an excellent sense of smell, which is not much inferior to that of a dog. Pigs can dig in the ground for hours, looking for the tidbits. Man noticed this quality when he taught pigs to look for truffles. Mushrooms growing underground turned out to be much easier to find with the help of trained pigs, sometimes they reacted to delicacies growing at a depth of six meters. People used the talents of smelling pigs at the beginning of the 19th century, when animals sometimes even replaced hunting dogs. After proper training, the pigs could sense game birds up to 36 meters away. During the war, the pigs helped to find mines, today they help the customs to identify drugs. The pigs also help in search and rescue activities - allowing them to find people under a thick layer of snow.
The pigs are so stubborn that they cannot be trained. In circuses, you can see four-legged actors who, in themselves, debunk this myth. Although pigs are really stubborn, they nevertheless love to perform different tricks. Playfulness in their nature, so training for them is an interesting and exciting game. As a result, pigs are happy to complete all tasks, quickly assimilating commands thanks to intelligence. For example, the famous trainer VL Durov's pig Chushka-Fintiflyushka knew how to bow, perform a waltz, carry a barrel, jump over obstacles and climb onto a barrel.
Pigs have nothing to do with humans. And although the comparison of a man with a pig is offensive, in fact, in our physiology, we are incredibly close. This applies to the digestive system, genetics, blood composition. And pig tissue is well compatible with ours. These animals even suffer from the same diseases that we do, so they can be treated with the same medicines and doses as humans. Pig organs are used in transplantation, an example is at least a bioprosthesis of the heart valve. And for diseases of the kidneys, liver and spleen, crock cleaning is practiced by passing it through the corresponding organs of the pig. Extracts from the pancreas make it possible to obtain insulin, which, after simple processing, can be used in the treatment of humans.
Pigs have always and everywhere been considered unworthy. The history of many ancient peoples debunks this myth. The pig was respected by the Egyptians, Greeks, Indians, Indians, Scandinavians and Germans. For example, in Egyptian mythology, the queen of the sky, the goddess Nut, was depicted in the guise of a pig. The Scandinavian goddess of motherhood looked similar. And in ancient Greece, some myths generally said that Zeus was fed by a pig. In Germany, already in modern times, there is a law according to which the owners of such animals must pamper them by buying toys and paying attention. In ancient China, the domestic pig was considered a sacred animal symbolizing well-being. Pork was allowed only on religious and public holidays. But this attitude was still not observed everywhere. The Koran considers the pig to be a dirty animal, forbidding Muslims to eat its meat.
Pigs are very uncommunicative. Under natural conditions, these animals prefer to live in flocks. As already mentioned, it has its own hierarchy and signal system. Pigs are used in a similar way when communicating with humans. Domestic pigs are very social and active, they can get bored and even depressed when alone.
Pigs are lazy creatures. It seems that pigs only need to wallow in a puddle and bask in the sun. In fact, they are very playful creatures who, moreover, show stubbornness, demanding and resourcefulness. Even if the pigs do not succeed in something, they will certainly continue to do it until they achieve the desired result. Leaving a tame piglet alone at home, you should prepare for unexpected results - he will not get bored and will quickly find something to do.
Home mini-pig does not need walks. There are also people who teach their pet to go to the toilet in the litter box, but it is better to take the animal out for walks. There the pig can run a lot, nibble on the grass, dig in the ground, and if it finds a pond, then swim. If a pet is deprived of such joys, then it will begin to gain excess weight, which will have a bad effect on health.
Mini pig is an exotic animal and difficult to care for. In fact, grooming is about the same as for a dog. The pet should be taken out for a walk every day, fed, bathed and wiped with lotion to avoid dry skin. But there will be no such problems inherent in dogs as grooming, docking of ears and tail. But you will have to file the hoof of the piglet three times a year and take it to the veterinarian every year.
Pigs are indifferent to their owners. Piglets become attached to their owner just as well as a dog. Pigs feel well the mood of a person and his emotions, they are able to rejoice if the owner is kind and positive. And you can teach an animal a lot - to give a paw, play a ball, and just go for a walk with it. They say that mini-pigs can generally recognize the owners by steps. Only after hearing the familiar steps, the piglets will rush to the door to joyfully meet a loved one.
Pigs are calm animals. In the context of animal husbandry, a person would like the pigs to be as calm as possible. However, pigs' intelligence often plays a bad joke with them. Farm-dwelling creatures are extremely intolerant of routine changes. Even a simple clap in a pigsty can alert all animals. They refuse food and are alarmed, as if expecting the development of events and something terrible. Only after 30-40 seconds, the pigs return to their previous activities, and most continue to experience anxiety for several more minutes. Even Academician Pavlov, Nobel Prize winner, noted that among the creatures living around a person, it is the pig that is the most nervous. It is known that these animals are prone to mental agitation. So, for example, a pig stuck in a narrow passage will start energetically and emotionally trying to get out. In case of failure, a real hysteria begins, which can even lead to death. If the animals are concentrated in a large group, then mental irritation can lead to mass hysteria. That is why now fattening animals are divided into small groups.
Pigs cannot swim. It seems that such a clumsy animal, in principle, cannot be a good swimmer. But pigs do not need to be taught to swim, they make full use of this natural gift. There are cases when wild boars swam across bays up to 40 kilometers wide. In the Pacific Ocean there is Fakaofo Atoll, which is home to wild fishing pigs. Scientists have found that these creatures not only swim well, but also dive after fish to a depth of fifteen meters. And in the Antilles, sailors of small boats today use pigs as the simplest navigation device. If in the Caribbean the ship goes off course, then a pig specially prepared for such an occasion is simply thrown into the sea. The animal unmistakably begins to swim towards the nearest land.
Genetically, a pig is closer to a person than a monkey. This myth is common. But scientists think quite differently. The most genetically close to humans are chimpanzees, whose DNA repeats ours by 94-98%. And it is not so important that a different number of chromosomes are present. It is followed by the gorilla and the orangutan. In other words, the closest to us is still primates, not a pig. And in a person with a pig, some types of protein are simply similar to each other, which is determined by a relatively small number of genes. And since pigs are convenient for transplant jobs, they were chosen. In addition, they are devoid of those disadvantages that are present in primates. There are not so many of them, they reproduce poorly in captivity, the risk of infectious diseases is high, and ethically, for the sake of experiments, it is easier to kill pigs than primates close to humans. The fact that more than 700 million pigs live in the world has made it possible to carry out extensive experiments on the adaptation of proteins and organs of these animals to humans. First, insulin of animal origin was obtained, and then the problem of organ rejection was solved.